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Nurturing Vision: The Importance of Diabetic Eye Care

Take steps toward healthier eyes with the diabetic eye care services provided at Mosaddegh Eye Institute. Our dedicated team of eye care professionals prioritizes precision and expertise, delivering personalized care to cultivate clear and healthy vision tailored to the unique needs of each patient.


Diabetes is a disease that affects the body’s ability to produce or use insulin effectively to control blood sugar (glucose) levels. Too much glucose in the blood for a long time can cause damage in many parts of the body. Diabetes can damage the heart, kidneys and blood vessels. It damages small blood vessels in the eye as well. Even if diabetes is well controlled, it can affect your regular eye care.
You may already know that diabetes increases your risk of developing vision problems. High blood sugar can damage the tiny blood vessels in your eyes and cause complications like diabetic retinopathy and diabetic macular edema. But what you may not realize is that people with diabetes almost always have unique eye care needs and considerations, even if their blood sugar is well controlled.


People with diabetes can have an eye disease called diabetic retinopathy. This is when high blood sugar levels cause damage to blood vessels in the retina. These blood vessels can swell and leak. Or they can close, stopping blood from passing through. Sometimes abnormal, new blood vessels grow on the retina. All of these changes can steal your vision.


With diabetes, you have a higher risk of swelling in the retina, also known as macular edema, after cataract surgery. This is especially true if you have diabetic retinopathy.



People with diabetes are twice as likely to develop cataracts than other adults — and cataracts are more likely to show up at a younger age. Cataracts cause your natural lens to become cloudy, leading to blurry, hazy or less colorful vision. Over time, you may need surgery to restore your sight.

Having diabetes doubles your odds of developing glaucoma, a chronic condition where retained fluid causes pressure to build up inside the eye. Extra pressure can damage the retina and the optic nerve, harming your vision. Sometimes, treatments for diabetes-related eye conditions can also elevate eye pressure. If you do have glaucoma, you will also have a higher risk of elevated eye pressure after cataract surgery.



Vision Correction

Vision correction is essential for safety, efficiency, and well-being, involving regular eye exams and the use of glasses or contact lenses to maintain optimal eye health and function.

Preventive Measures

Eye care professionals offer advice on preventive measures to safeguard your eyes from potential hazards. Following these recommendations can lower the likelihood of eye injuries and minimize strain.

Management of Chronic Conditions

For individuals managing chronic conditions such as diabetes or hypertension, routine eye examinations play a pivotal role in the early detection and effective management of potential eye-related complications.

Early Detection of Eye Conditions

Routine eye examinations play a pivotal role in the detection of eye conditions like glaucoma, cataracts, and diabetic retinopathy. Early detection allows timely treatment and optimal management.


Individuals with diabetes, especially those who have been diagnosed with diabetic retinopathy or are at risk of developing it, are good candidates for diabetic eye care. Regular eye examinations are essential for early detection and management of diabetic eye conditions. Additionally, individuals with diabetes should consider diabetic eye care if they experience changes in vision, such as blurred vision or difficulty focusing, as these could be signs of diabetic eye complications. Early intervention through diabetic eye care is crucial in preventing vision loss and maintaining overall eye health for individuals with diabetes.


If you have type 1 diabetes, schedule an eye exam with an ophthalmologist within 5 years of disease onset. If you have type 2 diabetes, you should see an ophthalmologist as soon as you are diagnosed, regardless of your age. Follow your eye doctor’s recommendation about how often you should be rechecked, as this varies for every individual.

A diabetic eye exam is comprehensive and tailored to the individual’s specific needs and risks. It is important to undergo regular eye exams as recommended by your eye care professional to detect and manage any diabetic eye complications early, reducing the risk of vision loss.

If you have diabetes, it’s important to watch for early signs of trouble in your eyes. Treatments for diabetes-related eye problems are expanding and improving. The sooner you notice a symptom, the more likely treatment will help.

Call your doctor if you have diabetes and notice any of the following:

  • Blurry, cloudy, or double vision
  • Flashing lights or rings around lights
  • Blank, dark, or floating spots in your vision
  • Pain, pressure, or constant redness in your eyes
  • Trouble seeing signs or straight lines
  • Trouble seeing out of the corner of your eye
  • Any sudden change in your vision


High blood sugar can damage the tiny blood vessels in your eyes and cause complications like diabetic retinopathy and diabetic macular edema.


To prevent eye damage from diabetes, maintain good control of your blood sugar, blood pressure, and cholesterol levels. Follow your primary care physician’s diet and exercise plan. Quit smoking and get a comprehensive dilated eye examination from your ophthalmologist at least once a year.



Entrust your vision to the experienced team at Mosaddegh Eye Institute. Contact us today to schedule an appointment or learn more. Explore our diabetic eye care services and discover personalized solutions designed to safeguard your vision and promote overall eye health.