Insightful Solutions: Nurturing Healthy Eyes through Glaucoma Care
Take steps toward healthier eyes with glaucoma services provided at Mosaddegh Eye Institute. Our committed team of eye care specialists emphasizes precision and expertise, providing individualized care to foster clear and healthy vision, tailored to the specific needs of each patient.
Glaucoma is a disease that damages your eye’s optic nerve. It usually happens when fluid builds up in the front part of your eye. That extra fluid increases the pressure in your eye, damaging the optic nerve. In a healthy eye, fluid leaves the eye through the drainage angle, keeping pressure stable. Glaucoma is a leading cause of blindness for people over 60 years old. But blindness from glaucoma can often be prevented with early treatment. The only sure way to diagnose glaucoma is with a complete eye exam. A glaucoma screening that only checks eye pressure is not enough to find glaucoma
There are two major types of glaucoma:
This is the most common type of glaucoma. It happens gradually, where the eye does not drain fluid as well as it should (like a clogged drain). As a result, eye pressure builds and starts to damage the optic nerve. This type of glaucoma is painless and causes no vision changes at first.
Some people can have optic nerves that are sensitive to normal eye pressure. This means their risk of getting glaucoma is higher than normal. Regular eye exams are important to find early signs of damage to their optic nerve.
Angle-closure glaucoma (also called “closed-angle glaucoma” or “narrow-angle glaucoma”)
This type happens when someone’s iris is very close to the drainage angle in their eye. The iris can end up blocking the drainage angle. You can think of it like a piece of paper sliding over a sink drain. When the drainage angle gets completely blocked, eye pressure rises very quickly. This is called an acute attack. It is a true eye emergency, and you should call your ophthalmologist right away or you might go blind.
Many people with angle-closure glaucoma develop it slowly. This is called chronic angle-closure glaucoma. There are no symptoms at first, so they don’t know they have it until the damage is severe or they have an attack. Angle-closure glaucoma can cause blindness if not treated right away.
Glaucoma is usually controlled with eye drop medicine. Used every day, these eye drops lower eye pressure. Some do this by reducing the amount of aqueous fluid the eye makes. Others reduce pressure by helping fluid flow better through the drainage angle.Never change or stop taking your glaucoma medications without talking to your ophthalmologist. If you are about to run out of your medication, ask your ophthalmologist if you should have your prescription refilled.
There are two main types of laser surgery to treat glaucoma. They help aqueous drain from the eye. These procedures are usually done in the ophthalmologist’s office or an outpatient surgery center. Trabeculoplasty is for people who have open-angle glaucoma and can be used instead of or in addition to medications. Iridotomy is for people who have angle-closure glaucoma.
Some glaucoma surgery is done in an operating room. It creates a new drainage channel for the aqueous humor to leave the eye. This includes a trabeculectomy, glaucoma drainage devices, and cataract surgery.
Treating glaucoma successfully is a team effort between you and your doctor. Your ophthalmologist will prescribe your glaucoma treatment. It is up to you to follow your doctor’s instructions and use your eye drops. Once you are taking medications for glaucoma, your ophthalmologist will want to see you regularly. You can expect to visit your ophthalmologist about every 3–6 months. However, this can vary depending on your treatment needs.
BENEFITS OF GLAUCOMA TREAMENTS
SEE THE DIFFERENCE
WHO IS A GOOD CANDIDATE FOR
Individuals diagnosed with glaucoma or those identified as being at risk for the condition are good candidates for glaucoma treatment. Early detection and intervention are crucial for effectively managing the disease and preventing further vision loss. Regular eye examinations and consultation with an eye care professional help determine the suitability for glaucoma treatment based on individual circumstances.
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
With open-angle glaucoma, there are no warning signs or obvious symptoms in the early stages. As the disease progresses, blind spots develop in your peripheral (side) vision.People at risk for angle-closure glaucoma usually show no symptoms before an attack. Some early symptoms of an attack may include blurred vision, halos, mild headaches or eye pain. People with “normal tension glaucoma” have eye pressure that is within normal ranges, but show signs of glaucoma, such as blind spots in their field of vision and optic nerve damage. Most glaucoma suspects have no symptoms.
Some people have a higher than normal risk of getting glaucoma. This includes people who: Are over age 40, have family members with glaucoma, are of African, Hispanic, or Asian heritage, have high eye pressure, are farsighted or nearsighted, have had an eye injury, use long-term steroid medications, have corneas that are thin in the center, have thinning of the optic nerve, have diabetes, migraines, high blood pressure, poor blood circulation or other health problems affecting the whole body. People with more than one of these risk factors have an even higher risk of glaucoma.
Glaucoma damage is permanent—it cannot be reversed. But medicine and surgery help to stop further damage.
The only sure way to diagnose glaucoma is with a complete eye exam. A glaucoma screening that only checks eye pressure is not enough to find glaucoma.
The frequency of eye examinations for individuals with glaucoma can vary based on the severity of the condition and the treatment plan. Regular follow-ups are essential for monitoring the progression of glaucoma and adjusting the treatment as needed to preserve vision.
EXPERT GLAUCOMA SERVICES AT MOSADDEGH EYE INSTITUTE
Place your vision in the capable hands of the seasoned professionals at Mosaddegh Eye Institute. Get in touch with us now to make an appointment or to delve deeper into the array of services we offer for glaucoma management.