A stye, also known as a hordeolum, is a common and usually harmless eyelid infection or inflammation. Styes can be painful, red, and tender, often resembling a pimple or boil on the eyelid. They can occur on the outer or inner part of the eyelid and are typically caused by a bacterial infection, often involving the Staphylococcus aureus bacteria.
The affected area becomes red and swollen.
Styes can be tender and painful, especially when touched.
Excessive tearing or a sensation of something in the eye.
Photophobia or sensitivity to light may occur.
A visible lump or pimple on the eyelid, often with a white or yellow center.
Applying warm compresses to the affected eyelid for 10-15 minutes several times a day can help reduce swelling and encourage drainage.
Keeping the eyelids clean and avoiding the use of eye makeup during the infection can prevent further irritation.
It’s crucial not to squeeze or pop a stye, as it can lead to the spread of infection and worsen the condition.
Antibiotic Ointments or Drops
In some cases, a healthcare professional may prescribe antibiotic ointments or drops to help clear the infection.
For more severe or recurrent cases, oral antibiotics may be prescribed.
Frequently Asked Questions
What is a stye?
A stye, or hordeolum, is a localized infection or inflammation of the eyelid, typically caused by bacterial infection, often involving the Staphylococcus aureus bacteria.
What causes a stye?
Styes are commonly caused by a bacterial infection, often associated with the Staphylococcus aureus bacteria. The infection usually occurs when bacteria enter oil glands or hair follicles on the eyelid.
What are the symptoms of a stye?
Common symptoms include redness, swelling, tenderness, pain, excessive tearing, sensitivity to light, a visible bump on the eyelid, and sometimes crusting or discharge.
How is a stye diagnosed?
A healthcare professional typically diagnoses a stye based on a physical examination of the eye and eyelid. No additional diagnostic tests are usually needed.
Can styes be contagious?
Styes themselves are not typically contagious, but the bacteria causing the infection can be spread from person to person through direct contact.
How are styes treated at home?
Home remedies include applying warm compresses to the affected eyelid, practicing good eyelid hygiene, avoiding squeezing or popping the stye, and avoiding the use of eye makeup during the infection.